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成考专升本英语冠词归纳及练习

教育编辑 发表于:2011-06-03 16:49 点击: 次

2011成考专升本英语冠词归纳及练习

betway必威- 2018世界杯赞助合作伙伴!-外围滚球betwayasia www.zeewp.com   冠 词

  冠词有两种,一是不定冠词a/an,另外一种是定冠词the(有的语法学家说有三种冠词,这另外一种是零念冠词,这里我们不讨论)。

  一、不定冠词及其用法

  1. 可数名词在表泛指时,要加不定冠词“a/an”表示“一个”,“每一”相当于one或表示某一;

  2. a用在辅音音素(即音标中的辅音而不是辅音字母)之前,如a European scientist.an用在元音音素(音标中的元音而不是指元音字母)之前,如an X—ray examination;

  3. 跟汉语一样,并列的两个单数名词表示一个概念,第二个名词前的不定冠词a可以省去,以避免重复。

  二、定冠词的用法

  1. 一般来说,普通名词有特指和泛指,如果特指,就要加定冠词;如果泛指,可数名词前加不定冠词,或用其复数形式;

  2. 定冠词the主要和名词连用,表示某些特定的人或事物;

  3. 由of引起的限定性短语(作定语)所修饰的词前加the;

  4. 表示身体的某一部位,用the代替物主代词my,our,your,his,her等;

  5. 表示江河海洋,海峡海湾,山脉和群岛及有些湖泊之前用the;

  6. 定冠词the加姓氏的复数,表示某某一家人,如果做主语,谓语动词要用复数;

  7. 当一个抽象名词,不表示一般的概念而是表示某一特定的内容时加定冠词the;

  8. 由普通名词和一些其他词构成的专有名词前加the。

  the People's Republic of China

  三、同步练习

  1. ____rose is____beautiful flower.

  2.Mr. Smith always smokes____cigarette with ____cup of coffee.

  3.____door of____garage is broken.

  4.____donkeys are ____ stupid animals.

  5.____bread is made from ____ flour,and ____flour is made from ____wheat.

  6.She is ____good musician;she plays ____piano beautifully.

  7.Thousands of ____visitors go to ____Great Wall every ____day.

  8.When he was enghteen,he joined ____navy.

  9.He sent me ____letter and ____postcard;____letter didn‘t arrive.

  10.Li is not at ____office;I think he's gone____home.

  11.Is there ____telephone here?

  12.She is studying ____English and ____French.

  13.I bought ____pen and some paper,but I left____pen in ____shop.

  14.____machine is made of ____steel and ____copper.

  15.____honesty is ____best policy.

  16.____coal is 60 dollars ____ton at the moment.

  17.I stay at ____home last night and listened to ____radio.

  18.We went to Paris and saw ____Palace of Versailles.

  19.He goes back to ____ country to see his people once ____year.

  20.____Liu's are going to ____cinema.

  四、答案

  1.the(或 a),a 2.a,a 3.the,the 4.x,x 5.x,x,x,x 6.a,the

  7.x,the,x 8.the 9.a,a,the 10.the,x 11.a 12.x,x 13.a,the,the

  14.the,x,x 15.x,the 16.x,a 17.x,the 18.x,the 19.the,a 20.the,the

(教育编辑)

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